Latvia - country information

Latvia - State flag and coat of arms, territory and geography, administrative structure, population, sights and cities ...

Latvia - Riga

The official name of the country is the Republic of Latvia.

Latvia - a unitary state, a parliamentary republic, has a developed agriculture and animal husbandry.

State located in northern Europe.

Member of the European Union since 2004. NATO member.

The capital of Latvia is Riga

National flag of the Republic of Latvia

The national flag of Latvia

The national flag of Latvia is a rectangular panel of three horizontal stripes of various sizes of carmine-red, white and carmine-red.

State Emblem of Latvia

  State Emblem of Latvia

It is a shield at the top of which is depicted the rising sun on a blue background.

The lower part of the shield is divided into two parts. On the left side a red lion is depicted on a silver background, on the right side a silver griffin is depicted on a red background.

Official currency

Since the beginning of 2014, Latvia has moved to the Euro.


Latvia's population

The population is 1,997,500 people (as of 2014).


The main language is Latvian, but Russian is also widely used.

Administration of the Republic of Latvia

Latvia has 110 territories and 9 republican cities (Riga, Daugavpils, Liepaja, Jelgava, Jurmala, Ventspils, Rezekne, Valmiera, Jekabpils). According to the constitution, Latvia is divided into historical areas such as: Vidzeme, Latgale, Kurzeme, Zemgale

Map of Latvia

Map of Latvia

Territory and geography

The territory of Latvia is 64,589 km², washed by the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Riga along the coastline of 531 km.


Climate in Latvia

The climate is transitional from maritime to continental, significant precipitation brings wind from the southwest. Summer is often cool and rainy, the driest month is May.

The average temperature in July:

• 15 - 17 °

Average winter temperature:

• -3-10 °

Rest in Latvia

Latvia attracts tourists with its beauty, endless fields and forests, medieval old Riga, golden sand and beautiful beaches of Jurmala.


Latvian national cuisine

Cities of Latvia

Riga          Daugavpils



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