GUIDES ST. PETERSBURG

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Welcome to my page!


My name is Elena. I was born and grew up in the wonderful city - St. Petersburg and at one day started tour there. And till now I can not stop).

I am an accredited guide in St. Petersburg and have all the necessary licenses to work in the museums of the city. I arrange excursions in Russian and English. I speak a little Spanish too.

I try to make my excursions fascinating, positive and understandable. Without unnecessary dates and surnames. Interestingly, truthfully and with humor. I easily find a common language with children of different ages, I will be happy to see you with the whole family.

I do excursions in different formats on all types of transport. I am pleased to work on my car Toyota Rav4. I will provide, if necessary, children's chairs of the appropriate age category.

I am ready to develop a tour according to your wishes. Always glad to consult on accommodation, meals, transport, entertainment.



My contact details:


My excursions:



  • Sightseeing tour

  • Hermitage

  • Peterhof

  • Tsarskoe Selo

  • Jewish St. Petersburg

  • Kronstadt

  • Peterhof + Oranienbaum + Kronstadt

  • Rivers and canals

  • Night Petersburg

  • Courtyards and ceremonial St. Petersburg

  • Russian Museum

  • Petersburg for children

  • Wedding Excursions

  • Mystical Petersburg

  • Gatchina

  • Pavlovsk
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Zaretskaya Elena - guide in St. Petersburg


National Hermitage – Saint-Petersburg, Russia

The St. Petersburg State Hermitage is known not only in Russia, but in the rest of the civilized world. The museum has about three million works of art. History of the ensemble Hermitage, working hours, useful information ....

The State Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia

The architectural ensemble The Hermitage took all the architectural monuments located around the Palace Square began with the construction of the Winter Palace which was built during the reign of Empress Elizabeth, but the first residence of the king with the same name arose on the banks of the Big Neva even earlier, under Peter the Great.

In 1708, there was built a wooden Dutch house, which became the winter imperial residence.

And in 1712, on the eve of the wedding of Peter and Catherine, stone wedding chambers were built.

However, in 1716 a decision was made to build a new, more spacious Winter Palace.
Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia

The reconstruction of the Winter Palace was entrusted to the architect George Mattarnovi, but he soon fell into disgrace, and his place was taken by the famous Swiss architect Domenico Trezzini, who completed the work. In 1720, the emperor and his family moved to this palace, and in 1725 died there.

In 1731, six years after the death of Peter I, the Empress Anna Ioannovna decided that the Winter Palace was uncomfortable and too small for the king's home.

This time the reconstruction of the winter residence was entrusted to the architect B.F. Rastrelli.

To make the palace bigger, the Empress bought the nearby building of the Naval Academy, as well as the houses of Raguzinsky, Chernyshev and Count Apraksin.

painting by Danae, Rembrandt - The Hermitage, Saint-Petersburg, Russia They were all demolished. Soon, namely in 1735 a new residence of Russian emperors there.

However, the history of the reconstruction of the Winter Palace did not end there.


After replacing Anna Ioannovna, Empress Elizabeth Petrovna, also wanted to change the appearance of the palace.

It seemed to her that it did not correspond to the high status of this building. And Rastrelli had to remodel his own creation to the requests of the new empress.

Hermitage, Russia, Knight's Hall Then appeared the Winter Palace that decorates the Palace embankment to this day.

The palace is built in Baroque style, decorated with arches, relief images, columns and moldings, different from all the castles and palaces that existed at the time.

Especially unusual were stone vases and sculptures on the roof of the palace. The hight also was surprising - in St. Petersburg Winter Palace, in those days, was the tallest building.

Elizaveta Petrovna could not live in the rebuilt Winter Palace, since he was finished in 1762, after her death. Under Catherine II, a winter garden was planted in it, where both northern and imported plants from the southern side prospered safely.

Vase - The Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia In the same year the Romanov Gallery was opened, in which portraits of all the rulers from the Romanov dynasty were presented.

The Georgievsky Hall with its golden throne and the majestic emperor's coat of arms, embroidered on red velvet, with golden threads, were also finalized.

In 1764, Catherine II transferred 317 valuable paintings from the collection of paintings by Johann Gotzkowski from Berlin to pay off indemnities after the end of the Seven Years' War (1756 - 1763).

These paintings, mostly are done by Dutch-Flemish masters of the XVII century and laid the foundation for the Hermitage collections. Today there are 96 paintings left.

Hermitage, Russia, Abraham on the way to Canaan, painting by Peter Lastman The canvases were placed in secluded corners of the palace, which were given the French name "Hermitage", which is translated as a place of solitude; in 1767 - 1775, they constructed a building little east of the palace.

Nicholas I slightly widened the palace parade part and opened in it the Gallery of 1812 year, there were 332 portraits of famous participants of that Patriotic War.

In 1834, the famous architect Auguste Montferrand attached the Feldmarshalsky, Petrovsky and Gerbov's ceremonial halls to the palace, only three years later, in 1837, a fire destroyed the main part of the building.
A lot of books, carpets, furniture and many other valuable things were saved from the fire, but it seemed impossible to reconstruct the palace itself.

But, thanks to the architects A. P. Briullov and V. P. Stasov, in 2 years the Winter Palace was completely restored and a reception was held in honor of the completion of the repair.

Subsequently, the palace survived a few more small changes; about eight times shades of the outer walls were changed. Before its salad color, the Winter Palace was pink, red and even in a yellow shade. With each new ruler, the internal appearance of the palace's rooms also changed.
In its original form, up to the present, only the Malachite drawing-room, decorated by V.P. Stasov.

Hermitage, Russia, Abraham on the way to Canaan, painting by Peter Lastman After the revolution of 1917, the Winter Palace and the buildings of the Hermitage were proclaimed the State Museum.


The galleries and inner halls, as well as all the office rooms of the palace, were reconstructed one more time, in order to free up more space for organizing temporary and permanent exhibitions.

During the war of 1941 - 1945, bombs hit the Winter Palace 3 times, causing severe damage to several halls, but in the postwar period, the damaged rooms were restored.

In modern times, the Winter Palace with the Hermitage Theater, the Grand, New and Small Hermitage is the popular museum complex of the State Hermitage.

In addition to sculptures, paintings and other works of art, you can admire the various objects of the palace.
One of the items is the silver throne of the king, made by the 18th century London master N. Clausen.


There is a throne in the Petrovsky Hall of the Hermitage. In fact, the throne is made of wood, but on top of it there are carved armrests, the back and legs are covered with gilded silver. The back and seat of the royal throne are covered with bright red velvet, with an embroidered image of a two-headed eagle on it.



Address and coordinates



St. Petersburg, Palace Square, Building 2

Coordinates:

Latitude: 59 ° 56'25.06 "N (59.940295)
Longitude: 30 ° 18'50.68 "E (30.314078) 

The hospitality service (812) 710-90-79 Fax: (812) 312-15-50

Official site - The State Hermitage Museum





Main museum complex - time of work




Tuesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday:10.30-18.00

Wednesday -10.30 -21.00

day off - MondayThe ticket office closes 30 minutes before the closing of the museum





How to get there?

Nearest metro station

  • Nevsky Prospekt
  • Gostiny Dvor
  • Admiralty

see metro map


Nearby points of interest

  • Admiralty

  • Nevsky Prospect

  • The Kunstkammer

  • Zoological Museum (on the other side of the Neva River)

  • Arrow of Vasilievsky Island and Rostral columns (on the other side of the Neva River)



Sights of Saint-Petersburg

 

Saint-Petersburg – tour guide, places to go and to see, photos, sights and monuments, theatres and museums, shops and entertainment, comments, food, guides, hotels, transport...

Author: tour-planet.com




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