Armory Chamber - Kremlin, Moscow, Russia

The Armory Chamber is one of the oldest museums in the Moscow Kremlin. The history of the Armory, useful information for tourists ...




Armories - Moscow, Kremlin, Russia
For the first time this public institution is mentioned in 1508. In the XVI - XVII centuries, its functions included the manufacture, storage and purchase of weapons, items of palace utensils and jewelry. At the beginning of the 19th century, the Armory Chamber became a museum.

By the middle of the XIV century, Moscow princes had accumulated quite a lot of values. They became the basis of the treasury of the Grand Dukes. Even in the diploma of Ivan I Kalita, you can find the first mention of this chamber. The storage rooms of the Armory Chamber were replenished regularly. Expensive gifts presented to Moscow princes by foreign ambassadors — gems, silver goblets, parade harnesses for horses, military equipment — came here for storage.

By order of Ivan III Vasilyevich, a separate building was erected between Blagoveshchensk and the Archangel Cathedral, specifically for the storage of the princely treasury. The building was built of brick and consisted of two floors. It merged store and workshops, and received the name - "government yard".

At the very beginning of the 17th century, in the time of the Time of Troubles, the building of the "state court" was seriously damaged. After the murder of the impostor tsar False Dmitry I, Vasily IV Shuisky ascended the throne. He was forced to order the conversion of treasury-owned precious products into coins. From 1610 to 1612, the Kremlin treasury was completely devastated. In the second half of the XVII century, the treasury was in its heyday, at which time it was substantially replenished.

In the 40th year of the 17th century, an icon-painting workshop was organized in the premises of the Armory and in 1683 a painting workshop. At the turn of the XVII - XVIII centuries, the Silver and the Golden Chamber were attached to the Armory Chamber. Here they prepared masters of painting and art crafts. In the workshop of the Armory Chamber, only the best masters of weapons were working - the Vyatkin family, Ilya Prosvit, Nikita Davydov, and jewelry craftsman G.O. Ovdokimov. Foreign masters were also invited to work.

During the reign of Peter the Great, after the transfer of the capital to St. Petersburg, the importance and role of the Armory decreased significantly, but the treasury was constantly replenished. After winning the victory at Poltava in 1709, at the behest of the king, the captured weapons captured during the battle are given to the Armory Chamber.

In 1726, the Armory Chamber was merged with the Stable Treasury, the Workshop and the State Court and became known as the Armory and Workshop Chamber. At this time, the Armory Chamber completely loses its production purpose and becomes a repository of items of artistic and historical value.

In 1806, the Armory became a museum. A revision of all values ​​in it. The first research paper on the history of the chamber appears. According to the project of the well-known, at that time, architect I. V. Egotov, near the Trinity gates, a special structure is being built to store the collection. On the eve of the battle of Borodino, in 1812, all the values ​​of the Armory Chamber are sent to Nizhny Novgorod.

From 1844 to 1851 a new museum building was being built. The building is decorated with carved, white-stone columns, in the likeness of the ancient Russian towers. Project architect Konstantin Ton.

During the years of Soviet power, valuables from private collections and exported from pitted churches and monasteries were housed in the Armory. In 1924, an exhibition of the exhibits located in the Armory and is called the Museum of Applied Arts. From 1941 to 1945 the collection is located in the Urals. In 1960, the Armory Chamber was attached to the State Museums of the Moscow Kremlin.

Since 1967, the Diamond Fund exhibition has been on display in the Armory Chamber, located on the lower floor of the chamber. Today, the collection of the Armory includes more than 4 thousand monuments of applied art.

compass

Address and coordinates



Moscow Kremlin

Coordinates:
Latitude: 55 ° 44′58.65 ″ N (55.749625)
Longitude: 37 ° 36′48.44 ″ E (37.613456)

Phones:
+7 (495) 695-37-76 answering machine
+7 (495) 697-03-49 excursion
+7 (495) 697-46-11 bureau

Website: Moscow Kremlin Armory Chamber

Opening Hours

Working hours




Opening hours from 10 to 17
Cashier from 9:30 to 16:30
Closed on Thursday

A visit to the Armory Chamber by session: 10:00, 12:00, 14:30, 16:30.
Tickets are sold at the box offices of the Kremlin Museums 45 minutes before the start of the session.

To throw tickets online and find out the cost can be on the official website of the Moscow Kremlin Museums

Ticket offices: Moscow, Alexander Garden.

public-transport

How to get there



The nearest metro stations are: Lenin Library or Alexandrovsky Garden

Telephone for information: (495) 695-37-76

Armory Chamber on google map

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