Garden paths, how to lay paving slabs

Garden paths, how to lay paving slabs

Paving slabs, road, pedestrian zone
Paving slabs this material for paving roads has long been known and has established itself in the construction market; tiles can have different sizes and patterns. Paving slabs can be made in different ways, the most common options are vibrocasting and vibropressing.
Let's learn in more detail how to lay paving tiles on our own.

What tool is needed for styling

To lay the paving slabs you will need the following tool; level, cord, rubber mallet, angle grinder (with stone disc), putty knife, rammer (manual) or plate.


If the soil where the laying of paving slabs is planned is stable, then it is enough to choose 15-20 cm of soil under the track base, carefully tamp the bottom of the trench and cover the entire space with geotextiles. Then along the edges, in the inner part of the trench, we lay guide boards, which will serve us as beacons for leveling the sand cushion.

When laying beacons do not forget about the mandatory slope of the track, the slope should be 1 cm per linear meter of the track. Slope is done in any side of the track.

Lighthouses (boards) should be recessed into the ground, taking into account the thickness of the paving slabs (so that the tile does not protrude much above the ground level).

Further, the trench is filled with sand to the level of lighthouses, by rule or simply by a flat board, relying on the lighthouses located at the edges, we level the surface of the sand cushion. In the event that the soil, in the place where you equip the paths, is not stable and has shifts, an additional backing of 10-15 cm of crushed stone or similar material is made under the sand base, and the thickness of the lower sand layer can be reduced to 5 cm. leveling layer of sand. When arranging the base of the track, each layer must be carefully tamped.

To improve the performance of the pavement, the sand used to base the tiles, it is desirable to mix with dry cement.

The proportion of the mixture, 4 parts of sand and 1 part of cement, but in this case, sand and cement are added to the area that you can pave during the same day. We remove the beacons along the edges of the path and proceed to laying the paving slabs.

How to stack

The first row of tiles is better laid out using a level or cord, since it is necessary to observe the linearity of the row. Tiles are laid out in rows tightly to each other, and leveled with a rubber mallet in level. The extreme rows of tiles are better laid on cement mortar, this will create additional durability to the coating.

During work, carefully move along the extreme rows, it is better to work with a wooden shield of 2-3 boards underneath. Check linearity and plane all the time with a cord and level. The joints between the tiles can also be covered with a dry mixture (cement with sand) using a stiff brush.

At the edges, a finished border or cut from paving slabs is laid.

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