Wood heating, what are the stoves

What to choose for wood heating of a country house or summer cottage: Russian stove, fireplace stove, fireplace insert or long burning stove, consider the pros and cons of these irreplaceable devices

stove fireplace, fire
A wood-burning stove is probably the most common device for heating a home. But wood-burning stoves also have differences in design and efficiency. Let's take a look at different options for wood-burning stoves.

Russian stove - It takes its roots from ancient times, modified but retained its basic concept, it was able to survive to our time, and is used with great success to this day. The Russian stove is a heating and cooking complex made of bricks.

The brick-built stove has a large mass, therefore, a separate foundation is made under it, the lower part of the stove can be laid out of ordinary brick (used in the construction of houses). When laying channels and chimneys, ordinary clay brick (corpulent) is used, refractory and refractory bricks are used for facing the inner part of the furnace.

The Russian stove has a complex system of air ducts and valves. The principle of operation of the Russian stove is that during heating, hot air and smoke from the furnace, before entering the chimney and going out into the street, passes through a labyrinth of channels, thereby heating the walls of the stove, the walls, in turn, give off heat inside the room, and heat also enters from heat channels located in the furnace.

Pros and cons
A well-heated Russian stove, due to its mass, does not cool down for a very long time and can provide a home with heat for a long time. The construction of such a furnace is only within the power of a highly qualified specialist; it is better not to undertake such work without appropriate knowledge and training.
 The Russian stove is not suitable for intermittent living and irregular use, since it requires a very long heating if the room is frozen, maintaining a constant fire in the firebox, we create critical temperatures, which can adversely affect the brickwork, up to cracking of the brick.

Classic fireplace - made of brick or stone, it can be open or closed, a real fireplace is quite massive due to its walls and a heavy brick pipe, therefore it requires a foundation under its base. The room is heated by infrared radiation from fire and convection. It is more often used as an additional heating tool.

Pros and cons
A fireplace with a beautiful and high quality finish will always be in the spotlight. A fireplace with thick massive walls and a brick chimney, when heated, will radiate accumulated heat for a long time. But do not forget that an open fireplace without protective glass is a source of increased danger, therefore, combustion in the firebox should always be under human control. The construction of a fireplace is quite an expensive pleasure, as mentioned above, you need a foundation.

Fireplace inserts - have a massive metal body with fins that give off heat, a stone frame can be laid around the firebox, which in turn plays, in addition to the decorative function, the role of a heat accumulator. The front part of the firebox is closed by a door with glass. The efficiency of heat transfer and infrared radiation in such a firebox is higher than that of a stove - fireplace, since it has a larger volume of the combustion chamber.

Pros and cons
A large assortment and different sizes of fireboxes, different materials and style of framing design, the ability to do it yourself with sufficient skills. It is not necessary to have a foundation for the firebox, a sufficiently flat and rigid base. In houses with permanent residence, it can be used as a second, non-main source of heat. Only firewood is used for the firebox, as the use of coal can lead to soot coating of the firebox glass. The entire construction of the firebox + stone framing costs a pretty penny to the buyer.

Long-burning furnaces - these furnaces use the principle of slow burning due to a small air supply through the blower and a limited opening at the air outlet. Most of these furnaces are a cylindrical combustion chamber, around which there are encircling pipes - large-diameter air ducts. There are different versions of such ovens on the market, differing in size, power, design and manufacturer.

Pros and cons
There is a choice of different models, in such a furnace, the fuel really burns slowly, and accordingly there is savings. Problems with the installation of the pipe, since the outlet to the pipe is located on the back wall of the stove, requires space around itself, the brutal design of the stove may not fit every home.

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