Why carry out regular inspections of the facade of the house

Almost all defects of the facade of the house may indicate the reasons for their occurrence ...

House facade, stone house
The most important prerequisite for good thermal protection of a house is a serviceable facade. If it is not damaged, the insulation functions normally.

Often, a quick glance is enough to determine how things are going with the energy balance in a given house. Only a façade that is in good condition is able to keep warm,
received by the house from the heating system.

 Thin cracks cutting through the outer cladding of a house indicate damage to the plaster from moisture.

Any exposure to dampness from the outside negates the existing thermal protection, and it does not matter how thick the insulation material is. Before thinking about improving the thermal insulation, it is advisable to check if there are any defects in the exterior of the house.
It doesn't matter if these flaws are already clearly visible or are just beginning to appear. They need to be eliminated as soon as possible,
to eliminate energy waste.

The effect of chemical corrosion is indicated by the appearance of the clinker. The leaked lime turned into a gypsum crust.

Why defects appear on the facade
External walls should provide the building
strength and stability, protect from the vagaries of the weather and maintain a favorable climate in the premises. They should prevent the heat that the home receives from escaping from the heating system. Only a façade that is in good condition can meet these requirements.

Frost and moisture cause wide plaster chipping - such damage is most often found on the plinths of buildings.

To have an idea of ​​the state
masonry, plaster and paint, it takes time
from time to time make inspection rounds around the building. Small damages, detected in a timely manner, are repaired without significant effort and do not require the high costs necessary if time is lost.
But it is even more important to find the reasons that cause them.

Moisture accumulated under the layer, which did not have diffusion properties, and it crumbled.
And they can be located far from the places where obvious defects appear. Façade damage can be caused both by natural aging and exposure to bad weather, as well as defects that have arisen during the construction of a house or as a result of the use of materials that do not match each other.

Harmful salts that show through on brickwork can be found both inside and outside the building.

The most common cause of façade damage is moisture,
penetrating into the masonry through loose areas of the outer coating.

Moisture acts in the same way as in the famous saying: a drop wears away a stone!

Moss and algae form where plants are located near the brick wall and prevent it from drying out.

Leaked water during frost leads to the formation of chips, with it harmful salts penetrate from the air or soil into the brickwork, which can impregnate building materials,
crystallize or form hydrates.
All this reduces the thermal insulation properties of the masonry.

Flaws at the joints of the masonry must be cleaned out and carefully sealed with new mortar.
Even 5% of the penetrated moisture will halve the insulating properties of the brick wall. Fuel consumption increases equally.

Cracks, chipped plaster or paint are the first thing that catches the eye when checking the condition of the facade. Inspection should be carried out carefully, paying particular attention to the form of damage and the state of the substance in which they were formed.

Vertical cracks resulting from shrinkage must be filled with an elastic sealing compound.

First of all, it is necessary to find out whether the crack continues to develop, and if so, how intensively. This process is indicated by crumbling and lightening cracks inside.
Such damage can be repaired after the cause of their occurrence is identified and eliminated, often determined by the crack pattern.

It is better not only to fill in wide cracks in the plaster, but also to close it on top with a strip of fiberglass.

So, for example, when the soil subsides in the building body, internal stresses arise and, as a result, shrinkage cracks.

They are in the shape of a staircase, expand towards the edge and can run through the entire facade. Such cracks are found in the places of the opened masonry.

Corroded fittings should be loosened, removed from rust and applied with a coat of anti-corrosion paint.

Strong shocks can cause cracks to form randomly throughout the wall.

Cracks running evenly along the bond of the masonry are formed as a result of the use of bricks, different in shape and material from which they are made.

 In the place of reinforcement repair, new plaster and a fresh coat of paint are applied to the damaged area only after the anti-corrosion paint has dried.

The list of damages is endless. The photographs show the main defects, and even a layman can diagnose them.
One more tip. If you are not sure of your conclusion about what damage is and how to fix it, do not waste time and invite a professional. The hack will cost you more!

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